Easy way to set up the Tank bubbling to obtain the best gas output.
This is a setup, using the "Quatro" Reactor.©
Advantages of Reformed fuel
Syngas or hydrogen as a fuel for the internal combustion engine provides many advantages.
These are as follows:-
Reduced Emissions: By producing syngas fuel from an equal mixture of standard hydrocarbon fuel i.e. diesel, petrol or methane and water, the emissions produced contain half the CO 2 which would normally be present in exhaust gas. By adjusting the balance of the hydrocarbon / water fuel mixture, one can determine the amount of CO2 which is released into the atmosphere by between 30 and 60 percent.
Reduced costs: The cost of operating the vehicle is reduced in relation to the amount of water present in the fuel to the reformer. With a 50 / 50 mixture, the cost of running the vehicle is quite simply halved.
There are other hidden savings which should also be taken into consideration.
Reduced wear and tear and increased power: Syngas has a much higher ignition velocity than normal fossil fuels. Hydrogen burns with a ignition speed approaching 40.000 feet per second, whereas diesel has an ignition speed of 1/10th of that or 4.000 feet per second.
In a standard combustion engine the fuel is mixed with air and ignited in the top of the cylinder according to its best operational function in conjunction with the flame propagation of diesel / petrol and air. The resulting explosion forces the piston down through its cycle, thus converting the chemical energy into torque on the crank shaft. It is this torque which propels the vehicle forward. But…because most liquid fuels have relatively slow flame propagation times, the ignition has to take place at a considerable amount of time before the piston reaches the top of its cycle (in rotation), or Top Dead Center (TDC) therefore encouraging backward pressure on the piston and crankshaft. This backward pressure results in a loss of energy, excess wear, tear and load on the bearings, stress on the cylinder, and increased wear on the cylinder walls. Furthermore, internal lubricants are burnt off, mingling with the fuel to form a film which increases emissions.
In addition to the above, the slower the time of flame propagation, the higher the temperature in the cylinder and therefore the higher the temperature of the gas leaving the cylinder. When calculating heat management of an internal combustion engine, the higher the temperature in the cylinder and the lower the temperature of the gas leaving the cylinder, equates to the highest efficiency. In conclusion if the gas leaving the cylinder is cold, then the energy has been obtained, and if it’s warm the energy has been lost.
The general rule of thumb applied when calculating the efficiency of an internal combustion engine is that 1/3rd of the energy created goes to the crankshaft, 1/3rd goes to the cooling system (radiator) and 1/3rd goes into the exhaust. From the proportion going to the crankshaft, one can also subtract the energy taken away to parasitic loads, i.e. the air conditioner, the cooling fan and the alternator. A standard petrol engine is only between 17 – 22% efficient, diesel engines range between 35 -44 % efficient.
In summery the petrol and diesel fuelled internal combustion engines are very inefficient and have a negative impact on the environment and contribute to climate change.
However, in a syngas or hydrogen fuelled vehicle, the fuel is ignited or burnt at TDC, at the very top of the pistons cycle, so all the energy is concentrated to moving the vehicle forward. The syngas burns or explodes so quickly that heat doesn’t propagate to the walls of the cylinder, there is no back pressure or strain on the piston and crankshaft, no stress on the bearings and no wear and tear on the cylinder walls. The levels of emissions released in the exhaust are also dramatically reduced.
In conclusion running an internal combustion engine on Hydrogen / syngas fuel is very efficient, in fact up to 54% efficiency has been achieved. Not only does hydrogen provide many thermodynamic and financial advantages but the engine will be environmentally friendly as well.
*Note: when running a conventional internal combustion engine on hydrogen the ignition timing must be adjusted to suit the fuel combustion rate. This can be easily done by developing a set of markers on the flywheel, so one can adjust the magneto in a petrol engine to fire the spark plug, or in the case of diesel engines, inject the fuel in accordance with the fuel selected. One must remove the key which times the flywheel for operation on diesel or petrol, and adjust the setting so that the magneto ignites at (TDC) or just prior to the power stroke.
The economic advantages this reformer provides in fuel savings alone to the operators of heavy trucks is an obvious incentive for further research. And because much of our current CO2 air pollution is produced by jet aircraft the benefit of such a system for jet aircraft is also obvious as well as the fuel savings to the owners of the aircraft. This coupled with carbon credits will make these systems a win/win proposition for the operators who use them and for the future environmental health of our World's atmosphere.
Now the best news !!!!
The price of the Microreactor has been dropped, why? very simple our currency RAND has been dropping, so the Dollar is much strong, in other words, this a unique opportunity for buyers from overseas to spend less money for any product.
As from now the price of the Microreactor Kit is only USD $ 110 this include posting to any Country.
Simple the Best